Amblyopia management

Authors

  • Hui Kei Gladys Sit Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • Emily S Wong
  • Jason C Yam

Keywords:

Amblyopia, Vision, binocular, Visual acuity

Abstract

Amblyopia is a reversible neurodevelopmental disorder but can cause vision loss if untreated, especially within critical period of visual neuroplasticity. We review different treatment modalities for amblyopia including refractive correction, occlusion therapy, medication, surgery, perceptual learning, and the more advanced binocular therapy. Binocular therapy can improve both visual acuity and stereoacuity, but whether it is superior to occlusion therapy remains controversial. Future studies to determine the optimal treatment duration, timing of initiation, dosage, and when to step up treatment when other treatments become refractory are warranted.

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Published

2023-07-14

How to Cite

1.
Sit HKG, Wong ES, Yam JC. Amblyopia management. Hong Kong J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2023Jul.14 [cited 2024May21];27(1). Available from: https://hkjo.hk/index.php/hkjo/article/view/347

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Section

Perspective