Age-related macular degeneration in Hong Kong Chinese — angiographic features and outcomes

Authors

  • Patrick KW Wu Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
  • Raymond CW Fu Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
  • Clement WN Chan Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

Aim: To study the clinical presentation, angiographic features, treatment modalities and visual outcomes of patients with wet type age-related macular degeneration presenting to a tertiary eye center in Hong Kong.

Materials and methods: Retrospective review of case records of all patients with fundus fluorescein angiography done over a 2-year period at Tung Wah Eastern Hospital.

Results: In total, 57 patients were included. The mean age was 71.2 years. The male to female ratio was approximately 7:3. Less than one-third of patients presented with an acute drop in vision or metamorphopsia. The visual acuity of the presenting eye was 4/60 or worse in 54.4% of patients. The visual acuity of the fellow eye was relatively good in most cases. 84.2% of patients had features of age- related macular degeneration affecting both eyes at presentation. Treatable choroidal neovascular membranes were detected in five patients (8.8%). Laser treatment resulted in stable or improved vision for four of the five patients. 56.2% of the non-treated group and 21.1% of fellow eyes had progressive deterioration of vision.

Conclusion: Age-related macular degeneration is a potentially treatable disease. Enhanced publicity of the importance of early detection might be helpful in preventing blindness in the elderly population.

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Published

2000-12-01

How to Cite

1.
Wu PK, Fu RC, Chan CW. Age-related macular degeneration in Hong Kong Chinese — angiographic features and outcomes. Hong Kong J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2000Dec.1 [cited 2021Oct.27];4(1):25-30. Available from: https://hkjo.hk/index.php/hkjo/article/view/135

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Original Articles