Retinopathy of prematurity — past, present, and future in this battle against pediatric blindness

Authors

  • Patrick KW Wu Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
  • Simon TC Ko Department of Ophthalmology, Tung Wah Eastern Hospital, Hong Kong, China.

Abstract

Retinopathy of prematurity is a vasoproliferative retinopathy occurring primarily, but not exclusively, in premature infants. The condition is a major cause of pediatric blindness in developed countries. Although acute retinopathy of prematurity regresses spontaneously for more than 90% of infants, a chronic or late prolifer- ative phase follows in some eyes whereby tractional retinal detachments, macula ectopia and scarring, and significant visual loss occur. While retinopathy of pre- maturity was considered untreatable 10 to 20 years ago, the condition has become controllable in recent years. Cryopexy or laser are useful for arresting progression of ROP to avoid vitreo-retinal complications.

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Published

2002-12-01

How to Cite

1.
Wu PK, Ko ST. Retinopathy of prematurity — past, present, and future in this battle against pediatric blindness. Hong Kong J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2002Dec.1 [cited 2022Aug.13];6(1):41-5. Available from: https://hkjo.hk/index.php/hkjo/article/view/112

Issue

Section

Review Articles